**BUMS – Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery:** BUMS is an undergraduate degree program in the field of Unani medicine. Unani medicine, also known as Yunani medicine, is a traditional system of medicine that has its roots in ancient Greece and was later developed and practiced extensively in the Islamic world. BUMS is the primary educational and professional qualification for individuals who wish to become Unani doctors or practitioners.

Here are some key points about BUMS:

1. **Educational Program:** BUMS is typically a five and a half-year undergraduate program, including one year of compulsory internship. The program covers various aspects of Unani medicine, including its principles, diagnosis, treatment, and the use of herbal remedies and natural therapies.

2. **Curriculum:** Students in BUMS programs study subjects such as Unani materia medica (study of remedies), Unani pharmacy, anatomy, physiology, pathology, and clinical medicine, all from a Unani perspective. They also learn about the principles of balance in the body’s humors (phlegm, blood, yellow bile, black bile), which is central to Unani medicine.

3. **Clinical Training:** Practical training and clinical experience are integral components of BUMS education. Students often work in Unani hospitals and clinics during their internship to gain hands-on experience in diagnosing and treating patients using Unani remedies and therapies.

4. **Licensing and Practice:** After completing the BUMS program and fulfilling any licensing or certification requirements set by the relevant authorities, graduates can practice as Unani doctors. They may work in private practice, Unani hospitals, wellness centers, or engage in research and teaching in the field of Unani medicine.

5. **Global Recognition:** Unani medicine is practiced in various countries, primarily in the Islamic world, South Asia, and parts of Europe. BUMS is recognized in several countries where Unani medicine is legally practiced, but the level of acceptance and regulation can vary from one region to another.

BUMS is an important degree for individuals interested in traditional Unani medicine and natural healing practices. It equips graduates with the knowledge and skills to diagnose and treat patients using Unani remedies, which often include herbal formulations and dietary recommendations to restore the body’s balance and health. The acceptance and effectiveness of Unani medicine may vary depending on cultural, regional, and regulatory factors.